Yuanyang Hani Rice Terraces Ethnic Culture
Indigenous ethnic groups have created their own traditional ethnic cultures in Yuanyang, and have formed distinctive cultural relics, historical relics, residential architectures, costumes, diet and instruments, etc. Yuanyang is a county in which Hani people are more than 50% of total population. Hani culture includes ecological culture marked by forest, farming culture marked by rice terrace, catering culture featured by long street banquet, architectural culture marked by mushroom house, dress culture dominated by costume embroidery, festival culture symbolized by “Kuzhazha” festival and so on.
1. Ethnic Groups
There are seven indigenous ethnic groups in Yuanyang county, including Hani, Yi, Han, Dai, Miao, Yao and Zhuang. Among them, Han people account for 11.38%, minority people take up 88.62% of total population and Hani people are 53.92% of the total population.
2. Traditional Ethnic Villages
Qingkou Village(箐口村) in Xinjie Town, Yuanyang County, Honghe
Azheke Village(阿者科村) in Xinjie Town, Yuanyang Couty, Honghe
Taiyang Laozhai Village(太阳老寨村) in Daping Township, Yuanyang County, Honghe
Yiwanshui Village(一碗水村) in Panzhihua Township, Yuanyang County, Honghe
Yakou Village(垭口村) in Panzhihua Township, Yuanyang County, Honghe
Dayutang Village(大鱼塘村) in Xinjie town, Yuanyang County, Honghe
Habo Village(哈播村) in Ezha Township, Yuanyang County, Honghe
Quanfuzhuang Village(全福庄村) in Xinjie Town, Yuanyang County, Honghe
Aichun Village(爱春村), in Xinjie Town, Yuanyang County, Honghe
3. Ethnic Festivals
The ethnic costumes include sun-moon waistband costume(日月系腰服), pleated skirt of Miao, horsetail hat of Yao, waistband belt of Zhuang and flower waist costume of Dai; Ethnic festavals include Angmatu Festival, Kaiyangmen Festival(开秧门) and Kuzhazha Festival of Hani, Torch Festival of Yi, Huashan Festival(花山节) of Miao, Panwang Festival of Yao, Water Splashing Festival of Dai and Double Third Day(三月三) and so on.
Yuanyang ,a beautiful county, with traditional ethnic culture has its rich culture.Especialliy,Traditions and ethnic customs,
Fireplace culture – Alpine nation’s spiritual home,Tony Ye Wenhua of content and features,Tusi culture,Spectrum Butterfly Cultural development and surname,Terraced cultural treasure.
1, Traditions and ethnic customs传统习俗及民族风情
Yuanyang customs and folk customs of various ethnic groups, Hani “queuing Banquet”, “bitter Zaza”, “October year”, “open the door seedling Festival”, “June Year”, “New Rice Festival” Ethnic “torch Festival “Dai” Splash “Hmong” flowers Mountain “, Yao’s” Pan Wang Festival “, Zhuang’s” March 3 “and other traditional ethnic festivals, beautiful scene, colorful, unique,” Hani Ha bar “,” Hani seasons of production, “” The Village Festival sacred groves “and other nationalities worship, totem, pass on, rap historic and far-reaching. Various ethnic cultures blend, influence each other.
2, Fireplace culture – Alpine nation’s spiritual home火塘文化——高山民族的精神家园
In addition to diet and heating, fireplace as well as other unexpected roles, one town of evil exorcism, and second, treat illness and disease prevention, the third is smoked cured, four are melting utensils, five is a symbol of sacrifice! In ancient legend, the Yellow Emperor and Chi war to compete in the wild, Chi led the three seedlings Jiuli tribe. History contains “Chi as a weapon,” one by one “bronze head iron forehead, swallowing sand spit fire.” It is the “fireplace culture” of the product! These swords armor, and even Fire Attack things, originally produced in the fireplace inside. Because in the fireplace, people found some stone would melt deformation at high temperatures, people need to be able to fight the shape gradually chipped generation, smelting and casting, pouring van and other production processes, started manufacturing tools, cooking utensils, tools, ceremonial vessels until weapons and armor! “Chi as weapons” in archeology is not yet confirmed, but it can be inferred logically – this is a result of “the fireplace culture” Evolution!
3, Tony Ye Wenhua of content and features贝叶文华的内涵和特点
A green culture. Dai living in the subtropical Pingba regions. Here the hot climate, abundant rainfall, plants grow faster, more animal species, known as the kingdom of plants and animals. Dai village yard, looking ahead from here, far from the dense forest, near is a piece of crops, garden planted with a variety of flowers and trees. Such living environment, so Dai coated with a thick layer of culture of green. Thousands of years of traditional culture Dai replacement, are inseparable from the green background,
4, Tusi culture土司文化
“Tusi” has been in existence for a thousand years. Chinese feudal dynasties adopted the “barbarian rule barbarians” and “very pretty cure” policy, the use of regional reach of its forces under the jurisdiction of local chiefs, were awarded the official, quasi their children and grandchildren have been inherited, form a “chieftain system” Chinese History ʱ?? As this system continues to be governed more than a thousand years, creating a Chinese unique “chieftain culture.”
5, Spectrum Butterfly Cultural development and surname谱蝶文化与姓氏发展
As a form of cultural achievements, genealogy records the emergence and development of Chinese surnames culture, and for the development of cultural industries surname provides a development material. Surname cultural industries grow rich genealogical archives system, but also gives the genealogical archives new property. In today’s economic environment, with the deepening of genealogical archives exploitation activities surname cultural industry has become a mature comprehensive development model and industry structure
6, Terraced cultural treasure, 梯田文化宝库，
Honghe Hani terraced cultural landscapes, are local people of all nationalities Hani use “mountain four seasons, different day”, “mountain how high, how high the water,” the special geographical and climatic reclamation to create terraced farming civilized spectacle. Hani Terrace presents forest – Village – Terraced – River “four elements isomorphic” agro-ecosystems, agricultural production technology and traditional cultural activities were launched around the terraces. Yuanyang terrace culture is the essence of national culture. Honghe Hani Terrace is also contemporary called “the great earth sculpture,” because the weather and water plants will show different is a different color: blue when sunny terrace; gray cloudy days; sooner or later golden brown. Plants will vary each green, red, yellow and so on. Hani Terrace is a colorful land art, and realized that human creativity, endurance, willpower and the concept of harmony between man and nature Hani people, then known as the “land of Carver.”